Second name aquarium fish South American family of Kalligrafie – armoured catfishes (for dense bone “shell” of the plates almost rectangular, covering all their body in two rows). These aquarium fish are popular among aquarists because of its ability for a long time to swim along the bottom and clean it from the smallest of dirt, thus creating a comfortable life for their neighbors. The most striking example of such behavior are catfishes of the genus Corydoras . The armor, consisting of thick bony plates covering their body is short, compressed in front, and the back arched. On both lips include antennae, and a mouth that opens downward. Dorsal (fatty and membranous) and pectoral fins with long bony rays connected with poisonous glands. For humans the venom of these catfish is not life threatening, but causes redness, intense burning and swelling.
Marriage courtship lies in the movement of the male and female, holding on to the pelvic fins. Throwing eggs is adhesive on the substrate, after which the males fertilize it. In pet stores you can find 35 species of fish this kind of. In recent years they have become very popular. Catfish Panda appearance, namely the spotted coloration, reminiscent of a large Panda. Their bodies are short and stocky, slightly compressed on the sides (typical body structure for this kind). Pretty big mouth with a pair of antennae. Beige colour, the back darker and the belly is lighter. There is a black strip that runs at eye level, and a black spot on the caudal peduncle. Dorsal fin black, other fins transparent.
FEEDING. Catfish are not finicky eaters and can eat the same food as their neighbors in the aquarium.
BEHAVIOR. The representatives of this family I love a gregarious life. Have a peaceful nature. Like all catfish this kind of excellent garbage collectors. In the aquarium, easy to get along with fish of other species.
REPRODUCTION. In order to get offspring, you need the catfish group consisting of 3 females and 5 males to move into a separate aquarium, which can not equip. Eggs the female holds in a special pocket of bent ventral fins. She finds a suitable place and spreads its fins. The eggs are attached to the substrate, which is chosen by the female. The number of eggs after a few matings can reach 300 pieces. Larvae begin to hatch in 1-2 weeks. A day after that, the fry are already free swimming and require a large amount of food. Proper food for a fish in this age – dry plant, powder food. In weeks age can go on nauplii Artemia.
TECHNICAL TIPS. The water in the aquarium for kellytoy soms should be well filtered. In addition, you will need to do the substitution (25% weekly). The quality of the soil, the need to use river pebbles or clean sand. From the decorations must present shelter out of driftwood and large stones. The vegetation in the aquarium need to plant broadleaf species. The water temperature at 24 degrees, and also to maintain neutral acidity.